Classes | UGens > FFT

UnpackFFT : MultiOutUGen : UGen : AbstractFunction : Object

Unpack an FFT chain into separate demand-rate FFT bin streams

Description

Takes an FFT chain and separates the magnitude and phase data into separate demand-rate streams, for arithmetic manipulation etc.

This is technically a demand-rate UGen. The actual "demand" is usually created by PackFFT later on in the graph, which requests the values in order to re-pack the data. This allows for processing to occur in between...

See also pvcollect, pvcalc and pvcalc2 methods ( in PV_ChainUGen ) which provide convenient ways to process audio in the frequency domain. The help for pvcollect includes notes on efficiency considerations.

Class Methods

UnpackFFT.new(chain, bufsize, frombin: 0, tobin)

Arguments:

chain

FFT chain

bufsize

FFT buffer size

frombin

limiting analysis to the bins of interest

tobin

limiting analysis to the bins of interest

Returns:

A list from DC up to Nyquist of [mag[0], phase[0], mag[1], phase[1], ... mag[nyquist], phase[nyquist]].

Discussion:

Note that you do have to decide your FFT buffer size in advance, since this determines how many values the UGen will output.

#magsphases = UnpackFFT(chain, bufsize)

Inherited class methods

Instance Methods

Inherited instance methods

Examples

c = Buffer.read(s, Platform.resourceDir +/+ "sounds/a11wlk01.wav");

// This one just drags out various the values and posts them - a little bit pointless!
(
x = {
    var sig, chain, unp;
    //sig = SinOsc.ar;
    sig = PlayBuf.ar(1, c, BufRateScale.kr(c), loop: 1);
    chain = FFT(LocalBuf(1, 1024), sig);

    // Using the frombin & tobin args makes it much more efficient, limiting analysis to the bins of interest
    unp = UnpackFFT(chain, b.numFrames, frombin: 0, tobin: 4);

    // Demand some data from the unpacker.
    // NOTE: At present, Demand.kr is unable to handle more than 32 inputs,
    // so using frombin & tobin to limit the number of bins is compulsory.
    Demand.kr(chain>=0, 0, unp).collect{|anunp, index|
        anunp.poll(chain>=0, if(index % 2 == 0,  "Magnitude", "Phase")+(index/2).floor);
    };

    (sig * 0.1).dup;
}.play
)
x.free;

// Now a simple frequency-domain manipulation, square-rooting the magnitudes AND phases.
(
x = {
    var sig, chain, magsphases, b;
    b = LocalBuf(1, 1024);
    sig = PlayBuf.ar(1, c, BufRateScale.kr(c), loop: 1);
    chain = FFT(b, sig);
    magsphases = UnpackFFT(chain, b.numFrames);
    magsphases = magsphases.collect(_.sqrt);
    PackFFT(chain, b.numFrames, magsphases);
    Out.ar(0, 0.25 * IFFT(chain).dup);
}.play
)
x.free;