Classes | Collections > Unordered

IdentitySet : Set : Collection : Object

a set according to identity
Subclasses: OrderedIdentitySet


An IdentitySet is a collection of objects, no two of which are the same object (aka. "identical"). Most of its methods are inherited (see Collection and Set classes). The contents of an IdentitySet are unordered. You must not depend on the order of items in an IdentitySet. For an ordered set, see OrderedIdentitySet.

IdentitySets are faster than Sets because testing for identity is much faster than testing for equality. Different classes may implement equality in different ways, but identity can be determined just by comparing the object addresses. This allows some methods of IdentitySet to be implemented by fast primitives.

Class Methods

Inherited class methods

Instance Methods

Adding and Removing


From superclass: Set

Add anObject to the IdentitySet. An object which is equal to an object already in the IdentitySet will not be added.

IdentitySet[1, 2, 3].add(4);
IdentitySet[1, 2, 3].add(3);
// the two strings are equal but not identical
IdentitySet["abc", "def", "ghi"].add("def");
// symbols are guaranteed to be identical if they are equal
IdentitySet['abc', 'def', 'ghi'].add('def');
IdentitySet['abc', 'def', 'ghi'].add('jkl');


From superclass: Set

Remove anObject from the IdentitySet.

IdentitySet[1, 2, 3].remove(3);



From superclass: Set

Evaluates function for each item in the IdentitySet. You must not depend on the order of items. The function is passed two arguments, the item and an integer index.

IdentitySet[1, 2, 3, 300].do { |item, i| item.postln };

Finding an element


From superclass: Set

Returns item if it is in the collection, otherwise returns nil.

a = IdentitySet[1, 2, 3, 300];

Inherited instance methods

Undocumented instance methods



// scanFor is fairly efficient. compare the following benchmarks:

// comparison of array indexing and identity set lookup
f = { |n=4|
    var x, y, i;
    x = (0..n);
    y =;
    i = x.choose;
    bench { { x[i] } };
    bench { { y.scanFor(i) } };

// you can use IdentitySet to efficiently remove identical duplicates from an array:

var e, f, g, h;
e = "such"; f = "fallacy"; g = "is"; h = "common";
a = [e, e, f, g, e, h, e];
);;    // convert to set;    // and convert back

// note that the following behaves differently:
a = [ "such", "such", "fallacy", "is", "such", "common", "such" ];    // convert to set. All elements are still here.
            // Different strings may look the same, but be different objects.

// To remove equals in stead of identicals, use Set:;